NP Fact Sheet

There are more than 189,000 nurse practitioners (NPs) practicing in the U.S. 1

  • An estimated 14,000 new NPs completed their academic programs in 2011-2012 2
  • 95.1% of NPs have graduate degrees 3
  • 96.8% of NPs maintain national certification 3
  • 87.2% of NPs are prepared in primary care; 75.6% of NPs practice in at least one primary care site 4
  • 84.9% of NPs see patients covered by Medicare and 83.9% by Medicaid 3
  • 44.8% of NPs hold hospital privileges; 15.2% have long term care privileges 3
  • 97.2% of NPs prescribe medications, averaging 19 prescriptions per day 3
  • NPs hold prescriptive privilege in all 50 states and D.C., with controlled substances in 49
  • In 2011, the mean, full-time base salary was $91,310, with average full-time NP total income at $98,760 5
  • The majority (69.5%) of NPs see 3 or more patients per hour 3
  • Malpractice rates remain low; only 2% have been named as primary defendant in a malpractice case 3
  • Nurse Practitioners have been in practice an average of 11.7 years 4

Distribution, Mean Years of Practice, Mean Age by Population Focus 4

PopulationPercent of NPsYears of PracticeAge
Acute Care 6.3 7.7 46 
Adult* 18.9 11.6 50 
Family*  48.9 12.8 49 
Gerontological*  3.0 11.6 53 
Neonatal  2.1  12.2 49 
Oncology  1.0  7.7 48 
Pediatric*  8.3  12.4 49 
Psych/Mental Health  3.2  9.1 54 
Women's Health*  8.1 15.5 53 

* Primary care focus

Downloadable PDF                                                                                               Updated January 2014

Sources:
1 AANP National NP Database, 2013
2
Fang, D., Li, Y., Bednash, G.D. (2013) 2012-2013 Enrollment and Graduations in Baccalaureate and Graduate Programs in Nursing. Washington DC: AACN.
3
2012 AANP Sample Survey
4
2010 AANP National Practice Site Survey
5
2011 AANP National NP Compensation Survey