Nurse practitioners (NPs) are licensed, independent practitioners who provide primary and/or specialty nursing and medical care in ambulatory, acute and long-term care settings. They are registered nurses with specialized, advanced education and clinical competency to provide health and medical care for diverse populations in a variety of primary care, acute and long-term care settings. Master’s, post-master’s or doctoral preparation is required for entry-level practice (AANP, 2006).
The NP utilizes the scientific process and national standards of care as a framework for managing patient care. This process includes the following components:
The NP assesses health status by:
The NP makes a diagnosis by:
The NP, together with the patient and family, establishes an evidence-based, mutually acceptable, cost-aware plan of care that maximizes health potential. Formulation of the treatment plan includes:
Interventions are based upon established priorities. Actions by the NP are:
The NP maintains a process for systematic follow up by:
The NP’s practice model emphasizes:
The NP provides health education and utilizes community resource opportunities for the individual and/or family
The NP facilitates patient participation in health and medical care by providing information needed to make decisions and choices about:
As a licensed, independent practitioner, the NP participates as a team leader and member in the provision of health and medical care, interacting with professional colleagues to provide comprehensive care.
The NP maintains accurate, legible and confidential records.
Ethical and legal standards provide the basis of patient advocacy. As an advocate, the NP participates in health policy activities at the local, state, national and international levels.
NPs recognize the importance of continued learning through:
NPs combine the roles of provider, mentor, educator, researcher, manager and consultant. The NP interprets his or her role to individuals, families and other professionals.
NPs support research by developing clinical research questions, conducting or participating in studies and disseminating and incorporating findings into practice.
© American Association of Nurse Practitioners 1993
Revised 1999, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2013